Leadership Styles and School Climate: Implications for Educational Outcomes



School leadership, Transformational leadership, Instructional leadership, School climate


This systematic review examines the interplay between leadership styles, school climate, and educational outcomes in Philippine schools. The study underscores the pivotal role of leadership in shaping school climate, with transformational and instructional leadership styles identified as key influencers. Transformational leaders, by inspiring and empowering stakeholders, foster positive climates characterized by trust, collaboration, and shared goals. In contrast, administrative-focused leadership may contribute to negative climates and hinder school effectiveness. The review highlights the mediating role of school climate, showing how it enhances or impedes the translation of leadership practices into student achievement and teacher satisfaction. Challenges faced by school leaders, such as inadequate training and resource constraints, underscore the need for robust leadership development initiatives like the School-Based Management policy and School Head Development Program. These programs aim to empower principals, enhance their leadership competencies, and foster collaborative school governance. Ultimately, fostering a positive school climate through effective leadership is essential for improving educational outcomes and creating supportive learning environments in Philippine schools.


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2024-06-28 — Updated on 2024-07-09


How to Cite

Kilag, O. K., Uy, F., Sasan, J. M., Calunsag , J., Pareja , J. Y., Timtim, J. M., & Pansacala, J. A. (2024). Leadership Styles and School Climate: Implications for Educational Outcomes. International Multidisciplinary Journal of Research for Innovation, Sustainability, and Excellence (IMJRISE), 1(7), 22-30. https://risejournals.org/index.php/imjrise/article/view/558 (Original work published 2024)

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