Turbulence: School Leadership Responses to Poverty and Crises in Philippine Education

Authors

Keywords:

School leadership, Philippine education system, Poverty, Disasters, Chronic crises

Abstract

This study explores how school leaders in the Philippine education system respond to poverty, disasters, and chronic crises in the context of reform initiatives like the Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda (BESRA). Through qualitative analysis of narratives from school leaders, it examines the challenges they face and their responses to these challenges. Two main leadership responses are identified: custodian leadership, focusing on maintaining the status quo amidst structural challenges, and crisis leadership, dealing with chronic crises like annual flooding. The study reveals a disconnect between national reform policies and local realities, leading to cynicism among school leaders. Despite efforts to promote equity, challenges such as resource shortages and policy inadequacies persist. The findings emphasize the importance of context-specific solutions and meaningful engagement of school leaders in policy development. Addressing these issues is crucial for building a more resilient and equitable education system in the Philippines.

References

Abella, J., Kilag, O. K., Andrin, G., Tañiza, F. N., Groenewald, E., & Cordova Jr, N. (2024). Literacy Leadership in Elementary Schools: The Connections between Principal Practices and Reading Performance. International Multidisciplinary Journal of Research for Innovation, Sustainability, and Excellence (IMJRISE), 1(1), 187-193.

Asian Development Bank. (2016). Asian Development Outlook 2016: Asia's Potential Growth. Asian Development Bank. https://www.adb.org/publications/asian-development-outlook-2016-update

Bankoff, G. (2003). Cultures of disaster: Society and natural hazard in the Philippines. Routledge.

Capuno, J. (2009). A case study of the decentralization of health and education services in the Philippines. Human Development Network Discussion Paper Series, 3, 2-43.

Capuno, J. J., & Kraft, A. D. (2011). services in the Philippines.

de Boer, J. (2014). Child Labor on Sugarcane Plantations in the Philippines. In The World of Child Labor (pp. 921-922). Routledge.

Department of Education. (2006). Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda. Department of Education, Philippines. https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/DO_s2009_34.pdf

Kilag, O. K., Uy, F., Calledo, M. F., Diano Jr, F., Morales Jr, N., & Abendan, C. F. (2024). Assessing the Impact of Principal's Instructional Leadership, School Level, and Effectiveness in Educational Institutions. International Multidisciplinary Journal of Research for Innovation, Sustainability, and Excellence (IMJRISE), 1(1), 73-82.

Padawangi, R. (2014). Humanistic planning and urban flood disaster governance in Southeast Asia: Metro Manila and Jakarta. In Asia Research Institute working paper series. National University of Singapore Singapore.

para la Justicia Social, L. (2014). Leadership for social justice: Social justice pedagogies. Revista Internacional De Educación Para La Justicia Social (RIEJS), 3(2), 33-58.

Poblador, S. A. (2023). Exploring the positive experiences of senior high school teachers in teaching the sports track during the K-12 transition years in southern Philippines. Research in Education and Learning Innovation Archives, (31), 17-32.

Statistics, G. (2021). Philippine Statistics Authority. https://psa.gov.ph/system/files/main-publication/fishsit_jan_mar2014.pdf

Raymundo, R. B. (2015). Enhancing Economic Development and Improving the Quality of Basic Education: Implications of the K to 12 Program. Academia. Edu.

Reyes, V. (2016). Dysfunctional bureaucracy, corruption and weak rule of law: A case study of policy implementation in the Philippines. The Role of the Public Bureaucracy in Policy Implementation in Five ASEAN Countries (Integration through Law: The Role of Law and the Rule of Law in ASEAN Integration, 233-296.

Reyes, V. (2014). Corruption, Election Automation Reforms and Patron-Client Networks: Impact on the May 2010 Philippine Senatorial Contests. Available at SSRN 2499329.

Reyes Jr, V. C. (2019). Networks of (Dis) trust: The Impact of Automation, Corruption, and Media on Philippine Elections. Rowman & Littlefield.

Rutten, R., Bakker, L., Alano, M. L., Salerno, T., Savitri, L. A., & Shohibuddin, M. (2019). Smallholder bargaining power in large-scale land deals: a relational perspective. In De-centring Land Grabbing (pp. 194-220). Routledge.

Santos, G. V. (2017). Hidden disasters: Recurrent flooding impacts on educational continuity in the Philippines.

Shields, C. M. (2004). Dialogic leadership for social justice: Overcoming pathologies of silence. Educational administration quarterly, 40(1), 109-132.

Smith, L., & Riley, D. (2012). School leadership in times of crisis. School leadership & management, 32(1), 57-71.

Spillane, J. P. (2005, June). Distributed leadership. In The educational forum (Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 143-150). Taylor & Francis Group.

Thanh, B. D., Diep, N. V., & Tram, N. H. M. (2024). Impacts of financial development and green trade on the shadow economy: An insight of eagle countries using Bayesian approaches. Plos one, 19(5), e0303135.

Theoharis, G. (2007). Social justice educational leaders and resistance: Toward a theory of social justice leadership. Educational administration quarterly, 43(2), 221-258.

Uy, F. T., Sasan, J. M., & Kilag, O. K. (2023). School Principal Administrative-Supervisory Leadership During the Pandemic: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study. International Journal of Theory and Application in Elementary and Secondary School Education, 5(1), 44-62.

Vera, S. T. (2017). Solving the Philippines Education Crisis.

Published

2024-06-28 — Updated on 2024-07-09

Versions

How to Cite

Kilag, O. K. ., Uy, F., Sasan, J. M., Lagnason, C., Seblos, K., Rafaela, M. N. ., & Solatorio, R. (2024). Turbulence: School Leadership Responses to Poverty and Crises in Philippine Education. International Multidisciplinary Journal of Research for Innovation, Sustainability, and Excellence (IMJRISE), 1(7), 1-6. https://risejournals.org/index.php/imjrise/article/view/555 (Original work published 2024)

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

Similar Articles

1-10 of 321

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.